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Am J Addict. 2011 Jan-Feb;20(1):9-13. doi: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2010.00093.x. Epub 2010 Nov 12.

Human growth hormone abuse in male weightlifters.

Author information

1
Biological Psychiatry Laboratory, McLean Hospital, Belmont, Massachusetts 02478, USA. bbrennan@partners.org

Abstract

In a study of performance-enhancing substance use among 231 experienced young male weightlifters, we found that 27 (12%) reported illicit use of human growth hormone (HGH) or its bioactive derivative, insulin-like growth factor-1. All of these 27 men also reported use of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) and 22 (81%) met criteria for current or past AAS dependence. Fifteen (56%) also reported current or past dependence on opioids, cocaine, and/or ecstasy. These findings suggest that among young male weightlifters, illicit HGH use has become a common form of substance abuse, frequently associated with both AAS dependence and classical substance dependence. .

PMID:
21175915
PMCID:
PMC3104052
DOI:
10.1111/j.1521-0391.2010.00093.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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