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Am J Addict. 2011 Jan-Feb;20(1):1-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1521-0391.2010.00091.x. Epub 2010 Nov 8.

Offer of a weight management program to overweight and obese weight-concerned smokers improves tobacco dependence treatment outcomes.

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1
Fay W. Boozman College of Public Health, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, USA.

Abstract

Weight concern is a common and significant barrier to abstinence for many smokers. This quasi-experimental pilot study used multivariate logistic regression to examine the effects of offering a weight management treatment program on tobacco dependence treatment outcomes. Age, gender, ethnicity, educational level, nicotine dependence level, body mass index, and concern about weight gain were entered as factors/covariates to account for differences between groups. Offering a weight management program increased attendance at the first scheduled contact (88.1% vs. 71.6%; OR = 2.93; p = .029) and increased 6-month abstinence (21.4% vs. 10.1%; OR = 2.42; p = .052). With factors and covariates included in the multivariate models to account for group differences, those offered weight management were five times more likely to attend their first session (OR = 5.10; 95% CI 1.53-16.98; p = .008) and three times more likely to be abstinent 6 months after tobacco treatment (OR = 2.98; 95% CI = 1.09-8.17; p = .033). Proactively informing weight-concerned, overweight/obese smokers about the availability of a weight management program as an incentive for completing treatment for tobacco dependence may improve tobacco treatment outcomes. .

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