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Br J Pharmacol. 2011 Apr;162(7):1542-52. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.01159.x.

Trapping and dissociation of propafenone derivatives in HERG channels.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Human ether-a-go-go related gene (HERG) channel inhibitors may be subdivided into compounds that are trapped in the closed channel conformation and others that dissociate at rest. The structural peculiarities promoting resting state dissociation from HERG channels are currently unknown. A small molecule-like propafenone is efficiently trapped in the closed HERG channel conformation. The aim of this study was to identify structural moieties that would promote dissociation of propafenone derivatives.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH:

Human ether-a-go-go related gene channels were heterologously expressed in Xenopus oocytes and potassium currents were recorded using the two-microelectrode voltage clamp technique. Recovery from block by 10 propafenone derivatives with variable side chains, but a conserved putative pharmacophore, was analysed.

KEY RESULTS:

We have identified structural determinants of propafenone derivatives that enable drug dissociation from the closed channel state. Propafenone and four derivatives with 'short' side chains were trapped in the closed channel. Five out of six bulky derivatives efficiently dissociated from the channel at rest. One propafenone derivative with a similar bulk but lacking an H-bond acceptor in this region was trapped. Correlations were observed between molecular weight and onset of channel block as well as between pK(a) and recovery at rest.

CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS:

The data show that extending the size of a trapped HERG blocker-like propafenone by adding a bulky side chain may impede channel closure and thereby facilitate drug dissociation at rest. The presence of an H-bond acceptor in the bulky side chain is, however, essential.

PMID:
21175572
PMCID:
PMC3057292
DOI:
10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.01159.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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