Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Crit Rev Biomed Eng. 2010;38(1):65-78.

Microwave tissue ablation: biophysics, technology, and applications.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53705, USA. clbrace@wisc.edu

Abstract

Microwave ablation is an emerging treatment option for many cancers, cardiac arrhythmias, and other medical conditions. During treatment, microwaves are applied directly to tissues to produce rapid temperature elevations sufficient to produce immediate coagulative necrosis. The engineering design criteria for each application differ, with individual consideration for factors such as desired ablation zone size, treatment duration, and procedural invasiveness. Recent technological developments in applicator cooling, power control, and system optimization for specific applications promise to increase the utilization of microwave ablation in the future. This article reviews the basic biophysics of microwave tissue heating, provides an overview of the design and operation of current equipment, and outlines areas for future research.

PMID:
21175404
PMCID:
PMC3058696
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BegellHouse Publisher, Inc. Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center