Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2011 Apr;38(4):681-93. doi: 10.1007/s00259-010-1686-8. Epub 2010 Dec 21.

Radiosynthesis and in vivo evaluation of a series of substituted 11C-phenethylamines as 5-HT (2A) agonist PET tracers.

Author information

Neurobiology Research Unit, Copenhagen University Hospital, Blegdamsvej 9, Rigshospitalet, building 9201, DK-2100, Copenhagen, Denmark.



Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of serotonin 2A (5-HT(2A)) receptors with agonist tracers holds promise for the selective labelling of 5-HT(2A) receptors in their high-affinity state. We have previously validated [(11)C]Cimbi-5 and found that it is a 5-HT(2A) receptor agonist PET tracer. In an attempt to further optimize the target-to-background binding ratio, we modified the chemical structure of the phenethylamine backbone and carbon-11 labelling site of [(11)C]Cimbi-5 in different ways. Here, we present the in vivo validation of nine novel 5-HT(2A) receptor agonist PET tracers in the pig brain.


Each radiotracer was injected intravenously into anaesthetized Danish Landrace pigs, and the pigs were subsequently scanned for 90 min in a high-resolution research tomography scanner. To evaluate 5-HT(2A) receptor binding, cortical nondisplaceable binding potentials (BP(ND)) were calculated using the simplified reference tissue model with the cerebellum as a reference region.


After intravenous injection, all compounds entered the brain and distributed preferentially into the cortical areas, in accordance with the known 5-HT(2A) receptor distribution. The largest target-to-background binding ratio was found for [(11)C]Cimbi-36 which also had a high brain uptake compared to its analogues. The cortical binding of [(11)C]Cimbi-36 was decreased by pretreatment with ketanserin, supporting 5-HT(2A) receptor selectivity in vivo. [(11)C]Cimbi-82 and [(11)C]Cimbi-21 showed lower cortical BP(ND), while [(11)C]Cimbi-27, [(11)C]Cimbi-29, [(11)C]Cimbi-31 and [(11)C]Cimbi-88 gave rise to cortical BP(ND) similar to that of [(11)C]Cimbi-5.


[(11)C]Cimbi-36 is currently the most promising candidate for investigation of 5-HT(2A) receptor agonist binding in the living human brain with PET.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center