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Ann Thorac Surg. 2011 Jan;91(1):150-6. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2010.06.132.

Comparison of the Young-Laplace law and finite element based calculation of ventricular wall stress: implications for postinfarct and surgical ventricular remodeling.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, California 94121, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Both the Young-Laplace law and finite element (FE) based methods have been used to calculate left ventricular wall stress. We tested the hypothesis that the Young-Laplace law is able to reproduce results obtained with the FE method.

METHODS:

Magnetic resonance imaging scans with noninvasive tags were used to calculate three-dimensional myocardial strain in 5 sheep 16 weeks after anteroapical myocardial infarction, and in 1 of those sheep 6 weeks after a Dor procedure. Animal-specific FE models were created from the remaining 5 animals using magnetic resonance images obtained at early diastolic filling. The FE-based stress in the fiber, cross-fiber, and circumferential directions was calculated and compared to stress calculated with the assumption that wall thickness is very much less than the radius of curvature (Young-Laplace law), and without that assumption (modified Laplace).

RESULTS:

First, circumferential stress calculated with the modified Laplace law is closer to results obtained with the FE method than stress calculated with the Young-Laplace law. However, there are pronounced regional differences, with the largest difference between modified Laplace and FE occurring in the inner and outer layers of the infarct borderzone. Also, stress calculated with the modified Laplace is very different than stress in the fiber and cross-fiber direction calculated with FE. As a consequence, the modified Laplace law is inaccurate when used to calculate the effect of the Dor procedure on regional ventricular stress.

CONCLUSIONS:

The FE method is necessary to determine stress in the left ventricle with postinfarct and surgical ventricular remodeling.

PMID:
21172505
PMCID:
PMC3058250
DOI:
10.1016/j.athoracsur.2010.06.132
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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