Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
BMC Pediatr. 2010 Dec 20;10:94. doi: 10.1186/1471-2431-10-94.

Epidemiology of rotavirus infection among young children with acute diarrhoea in Burkina Faso.

Author information

1
Laboratoire de Biochimie et Biologie Moléculaire, CRSBAN/UFR-SVT, Université de Ouagadougou, 03 BP 7021, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. ouindgueta@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In anticipation of vaccine introduction, we assessed epidemiology of rotavirus disease among children visiting medical centre due to acute diarrhoea in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

METHODS:

Between November 2008 and February 2010, stool specimens from 447 children less than 5 years of age suffering from diarrhoea were tested for the presence of rotavirus by antigen detection using an immunochromatographic test. Sociodemographic, environmental and clinical factors were assessed during the study.

RESULTS:

Rotavirus antigen was detected in 151 (33.8%) of the patients. Most of the cases (94.2%) were in children < 24 months of age. Fever and vomiting were the symptoms most commonly reported in association with rotavirus diarrhoea and the patients were often hospitalized. Rotavirus-associated diarrhoea occurred mostly during the season from December to April (dry season). Rotavirus infection was significantly less frequent in breast-fed than among bottle-fed babies.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results of this study underscore the need to control rotavirus infections among young children in Burkina Faso and may argue a decision on the introduction of rotavirus vaccine in Burkina Faso.

PMID:
21171984
PMCID:
PMC3013080
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2431-10-94
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center