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Opt Express. 2010 Sep 13;18 Suppl 3:A308-13. doi: 10.1364/OE.18.00A308.

Improved optical transmission and current matching of a triple-junction solar cell utilizing sub-wavelength structures.

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  • 1Department of Photonics, Display Institute, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan.


Sub-wavelength antireflective structures are fabricated on a silicon nitride passivation layer of a Ga₀.₅In₀.₅P/GaAs/Ge triple-junction solar cell using polystyrene nanosphere lithography followed by anisotropic etching. The fabricated structures enhance optical transmission in the ultraviolet wavelength range, compared to a conventional single-layer antireflective coating (ARC). The transmission improvement contributes to an enhanced photocurrent, which is also verified by the external quantum efficiency characterization of the fabricated solar cells. Under one-sun illumination, the short-circuit current of a cell with sub-wavelength structures is enhanced by 46.1% and 3.4% due to much improved optical transmission and current matching, compared to cells without an ARC and with a conventional SiN(x) ARC, respectively. Further optimizations of the sub-wavelength structures including the periodicity and etching depth are conducted by performing comprehensive calculations based on a rigorous couple-wave analysis method.

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