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Opt Express. 2010 Nov 8;18(23):23711-26. doi: 10.1364/OE.18.023711.

Numerical investigation of mode characteristics of nanoscale surface plasmon-polaritons using a pseudospectral scheme.

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  • 1Department of Physics, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 40227, Taiwan.


This study uses a full vector pseudospectral scheme in the frequency domain to investigate the mode characteristics of surface plasmon-polariton (SPP) waveguides. The wave equations solved in this study are based on the transverse magnetic field components, and thus the spurious modes are removed due to the constraint of divergence-free magnetic vector. The waveguide dimension dependences on the mode confinement and propagation length of the dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguide (DLSPPW) are extensively studied and characterized. The numerical results of the DLSPPW show that the proposed scheme is highly efficient and yields accurate complex effective indices while requiring much less memory than the commonly used finite element method. This study also analyzes the propagation characteristics and figures of merit of an inverted metal slot waveguide (IMSW) in detail. The IMSW achieves a propagation loss an order of magnitude lower than nanoparticle chains with comparable degrees of lateral confinement.

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