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Opt Express. 2010 Oct 25;18(22):22808-16. doi: 10.1364/OE.18.022808.

Anomalous patterned scattering spectra of one-dimensional porous silicon photonic crystals.

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Centro de Investigación en Energía, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Temixco, 62580 Morelos, México.


Far-field secondary emission spectra of one-dimensional periodic photonic structures based on porous silicon show characteristic co-focal rings centered close to the structure plane normal. The rings appear when the frequency of picosecond excitation laser pulses is tuned to the edges of the fourth photonic band gap. They can be clearly distinguished from the typical reflected and transmitted light in the oblique incidence geometry. The rings number is dependent on the excitation frequency and the incidence angle. We explain these anomalous spectral features of porous silicon structures by the spectral filtering of light elastically scattered inside the photonic structure by the narrow photonic bands. The elastic scattering of light due to the photonic disorder in the structure causes the appearance of secondary waves propagating in any direction. But only those waves which fall into the allowed photonic bands penetrate through the whole structure and move through its front or back surfaces. The observed patterned secondary emission is an example of efficient photonic engineering by simple means of multilayer porous silicon structures.

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