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World J Gastrointest Surg. 2010 Feb 27;2(2):39-46. doi: 10.4240/wjgs.v2.i2.39.

Extended pancreatic resections and lymphadenectomy: An appraisal of the current evidence.

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Shailesh V Shrikhande, Department of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgical Oncology, Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai 400 012, India.


Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and complete removal of the cancer confers a definite survival advantage, especially in early disease. However, the majority of patients do not present with early disease, thus precluding the chance of a cure by standard pancreatoduodenectomy (PD), distal pancreatectomy or total pancreatectomy. For this reason, pancreatic surgeons have attempted to push the limits of resection over the last three decades. The aim of these resections has been to determine whether obtaining a complete resection by extending the limits of conventional resection in patients with advanced disease will yield the results seen with PD alone in early disease. This article revisits the data from such studies in an attempt to determine if the available literature supports the performance of extended resections for pancreatic cancer in terms of improvement of survival.


Artery; Cancer; Lymphadenectomy; Pancreas; Reconstruction; Vein

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