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Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2011 Feb;4(1):15-25. doi: 10.1161/CIRCEP.110.958033. Epub 2010 Dec 15.

Development and validation of the Atrial Fibrillation Effect on QualiTy-of-Life (AFEQT) Questionnaire in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Author information

1
Mid America Heart Institute, Kansas City, MO, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Atrial fibrillation (AF) has a deleterious impact on health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL), but measuring this outcome is difficult. A comprehensive, validated, disease-specific questionnaire to measure the spectrum of QoL domains affected by AF and its treatment is not available. We developed and validated a 20-item questionnaire, Atrial Fibrillation Effect on QualiTy-of-life (AFEQT), in a 6-center, prospective, observational study.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Factor analyses established 4 conceptual domains (Symptoms, Daily Activities, Treatment Concern, and Treatment Satisfaction) from which individual domain and global scores were calculated. Participants from 6 centers completed the AFEQT at baseline, at month 1, and at month 3. Psychometric analyses included internal consistency and known-group validity. Test-retest reliability was assessed by comparing 1-month changes in scores among those with no change in therapy. Effect size was used to assess responsiveness after intervention. Among 219 patients age 62±11.9 years, 94% completed the AFEQT at baseline and 3 months; 66% had paroxysmal, 24% persistent, 5% longstanding persistent, and 5% permanent AF. Internal consistency was >0.88 for all scales. Lower AFEQT scores were observed with increased AF severity, categorized as asymptomatic, mild, moderate and severe, respectively: 71.2±20.6, 71.3±19.2, 57.9±19.0, and 42.0±21.2. Intraclass correlations for Overall, Symptoms, Daily Activities, Treatment Concern, and Satisfaction scores were 0.8, 0.5, 0.8, 0.7, and 0.7, respectively. Changes in 3-month scores were larger after ablation than with pharmacological adjustments, and both were greater than those observed in stable patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

This initial validation of AFEQT supports its use as an outcome in studies and a means to clinically follow patients with AF.

PMID:
21160035
DOI:
10.1161/CIRCEP.110.958033
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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