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J Virol. 2011 Mar;85(6):3030-2. doi: 10.1128/JVI.02426-10. Epub 2010 Dec 15.

Spread of herpes simplex virus to the spinal cord is independent of spread to dorsal root ganglia.

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1
FDA/CBER, HFM-457, 29 Lincoln Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892-4555, USA.

Abstract

Levels of herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) and HSV-2 DNA in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cord (SC) were quantified after inoculation of guinea pig genitals and footpads. In genital infection, viral DNA reached SC and DRG simultaneously (at 2 to 3 days after inoculation) but was more abundant in SC than in DRG. After inoculation of footpads, which lack parasympathetic innervation, the viruses spread more efficiently to DRG than to SC. These results show important differences between genital and footpad infections, including independence of spread to DRG and SC, and imply that autonomic neurons may play an important role in the pathogenesis of viral latency after genital inoculation.

PMID:
21159869
PMCID:
PMC3067948
DOI:
10.1128/JVI.02426-10
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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