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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Mar;96(3):E436-46. doi: 10.1210/jc.2010-1886. Epub 2010 Dec 15.

Relationship between vitamin D, parathyroid hormone, and bone health.

Author information

1
Bone Metabolism Unit, Department of Medicine, Creighton University Medical Center, 601 North 30 Street, Suite 6718, Omaha, Nebraska 68131, USA. adarshsai@creighton.edu

Abstract

CONTEXT:

There is a controversy regarding the definition of vitamin D insufficiency as it relates to bone health.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of the study was to examine the evidence for a threshold value of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) that defines vitamin D insufficiency as it relates to bone health.

DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS:

This was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data in 488 elderly Caucasian women, mean age 71 yr, combined with a literature review of 70 studies on the relationship of serum PTH to serum 25OHD.

SETTING:

The study was conducted in independent-living women in the midwest United States.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

The relationship between serum 25OHD, serum PTH, and serum osteocalcin and 24-h urine N-telopeptides was evaluated.

RESULTS:

Serum PTH was inversely correlated with serum 25OHD (r = -0.256, P < 0.0005), but no threshold as defined by suppression of serum PTH was found within the serum 25OHD range 6-60 ng/ml (15-150 nmol/liter). However, in contrast, there was a threshold for bone markers, serum osteocalcin and urine N-telopeptides, that increased only below a serum 25OHD of approximately 18 ng/ml (45 nmol/liter). Calcium absorption was not correlated with serum PTH and serum 25OHD, and no threshold was found. A literature review of 70 studies generally showed a threshold for serum PTH with increasing serum 25OHD, but there was no consistency in the threshold level of serum 25OHD that varied from 10 to 50 ng/ml (25-125 nmol/liter).

CONCLUSIONS:

Vitamin D insufficiency should be defined as serum 25OHD less than 20 ng/ml (50 nmol/liter) as it relates to bone.

PMID:
21159838
PMCID:
PMC3047227
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2010-1886
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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