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ANS Adv Nurs Sci. 2011 Jan-Mar;34(1):6-18. doi: 10.1097/ANS.0b013e3182071813.

Philosophical approaches to the nursing informatics data-information-knowledge-wisdom framework.

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College of Nursing, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA.


Although informatics is an important area of nursing inquiry and practice, few scholars have articulated the philosophical foundations of the field or how these translate into practice including the often-cited data, information, knowledge, and wisdom (DIKW) framework. Data, information, and knowledge, often approached through postpositivism, can be exhibited in computer systems. Wisdom aligns with constructivist epistemological perspectives such as Gadamerian hermeneutics. Computer systems can support wisdom development. Wisdom is an important element of the DIKW framework and adds value to the role of nursing informaticists and nursing science.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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