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J Biol Chem. 2011 Feb 18;286(7):5143-50. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.190512. Epub 2010 Dec 13.

Molecular cloning and characterization of a beta-L-Arabinobiosidase in Bifidobacterium longum that belongs to a novel glycoside hydrolase family.

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Faculty of Agriculture, Kagoshima University, Korimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan.


Extensin is a glycoprotein that is rich in hydroxyprolines linked to β-L-arabinofuranosides. In this study, we cloned a hypBA2 gene that encodes a novel β-L-arabinobiosidase from Bifidobacterium longum JCM 1217. This enzyme does not have any sequence similarity with other glycoside hydrolase families but has 38-98% identity to hypothetical proteins in Bifidobacterium and Xanthomonas strains. The recombinant enzyme liberated L-arabinofuranose (Araf)-β1,2-Araf disaccharide from carrot extensin, potato lectin, and Araf-β1,2-Araf-β1,2-Araf-β-Hyp (Ara(3)-Hyp) but not Araf-α1,3-Araf-β1,2-Araf-β1,2-Araf-β-Hyp (Ara(4)-Hyp) or Araf-β1,2-Araf-β-Hyp (Ara(2)-Hyp), which indicated that it was specific for unmodified Ara(3)-Hyp substrate. The enzyme also transglycosylated 1-alkanols with retention of the anomeric configuration. This is the first report of an enzyme that hydrolyzes Hyp-linked β-L-arabinofuranosides, which defines a new family of glycoside hydrolases, glycoside hydrolase family 121.

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