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J Infect Dis. 2011 Jan 1;203(1):117-21. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiq013.

Herpes simplex virus type 2 suppressive therapy with acyclovir or valacyclovir does not select for specific HIV-1 resistance in HIV-1/HSV-2 dually infected persons.

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1
Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Abstract

Recent in vitro studies suggest that acyclovir may directly inhibit HIV-1 replication and can select for a specific HIV-1 reverse transcriptase mutation (V75I) with concomitant loss of an anti-HIV-1 effect. We tested for HIV-1 genotypic resistance at reverse transcriptase codon 75 in plasma from 168 HIV-1-infected persons from Botswana, Kenya, Peru, and the United States taking daily acyclovir or valacyclovir for between 8 weeks and 24 months. No V75I cases were detected (95% confidence interval, 0%-2.2%). These prospective in vivo studies suggest that standard-dose acyclovir or valacyclovir does not select for HIV-1 resistance.

PMID:
21148504
PMCID:
PMC3024584
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/jiq013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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