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J Biol Chem. 2011 Feb 18;286(7):5300-10. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.202713. Epub 2010 Dec 9.

Novel role for p90 ribosomal S6 kinase in the regulation of cardiac myofilament phosphorylation.

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King's College London British Heart Foundation Centre, Cardiovascular Division, St Thomas' Hospital, London SE1 7EH, United Kingdom.


In myocardium, the 90-kDa ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK) is activated by diverse stimuli and regulates the sarcolemmal Na(+)/H(+) exchanger through direct phosphorylation. Only limited information is available on other cardiac RSK substrates and functions. We evaluated cardiac myosin-binding protein C (cMyBP-C), a sarcomeric regulatory phosphoprotein, as a potential RSK substrate. In rat ventricular myocytes, RSK activation by endothelin 1 (ET1) increased cMyBP-C phosphorylation at Ser(282), which was inhibited by the selective RSK inhibitor D1870. Neither ET1 nor D1870 affected the phosphorylation status of Ser(273) or Ser(302), cMyBP-C residues additionally targeted by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). Complementary genetic gain- and loss-of-function experiments, through the adenoviral expression of wild-type or kinase-inactive RSK isoforms, confirmed RSK-mediated phosphorylation of cMyBP-C at Ser(282). Kinase assays utilizing as substrate wild-type or mutated (S273A, S282A, S302A) recombinant cMyBP-C fragments revealed direct and selective Ser(282) phosphorylation by RSK. Immunolabeling with a Ser(P)(282) antibody and confocal fluorescence microscopy showed RSK-mediated phosphorylation of cMyBP-C across the C-zones of sarcomeric A-bands. In chemically permeabilized mouse ventricular muscles, active RSK again induced selective Ser(282) phosphorylation in cMyBP-C, accompanied by significant reduction in Ca(2+) sensitivity of force development and significant acceleration of cross-bridge cycle kinetics, independently of troponin I phosphorylation at Ser(22)/Ser(23). The magnitudes of these RSK-induced changes were comparable with those induced by PKA, which phosphorylated cMyBP-C additionally at Ser(273) and Ser(302). We conclude that Ser(282) in cMyBP-C is a novel cardiac RSK substrate and its selective phosphorylation appears to regulate cardiac myofilament function.

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