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J Biol Chem. 2011 Feb 18;286(7):5476-83. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M110.172916. Epub 2010 Dec 9.

Nucleotide excision repair by mutant xeroderma pigmentosum group A (XPA) proteins with deficiency in interaction with RPA.

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  • 1Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 1-3, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.


The xeroderma pigmentosum group A protein (XPA) is a core component of nucleotide excision repair (NER). To coordinate early stage NER, XPA interacts with various proteins, including replication protein A (RPA), ERCC1, DDB2, and TFIIH, in addition to UV-damaged or chemical carcinogen-damaged DNA. In this study, we investigated the effects of mutations in the RPA binding regions of XPA on XPA function in NER. XPA binds through an N-terminal region to the middle subunit (RPA32) of the RPA heterotrimer and through a central region that overlaps with its damaged DNA binding region to the RPA70 subunit. In cell-free NER assays, an N-terminal deletion mutant of XPA showed loss of binding to RPA32 and reduced DNA repair activity, but it could still bind to UV-damaged DNA and RPA. In contrast, amino acid substitutions in the central region reduced incisions at the damaged site in the cell-free NER assay, and four of these mutants (K141A, T142A, K167A, and K179A) showed reduced binding to RPA70 but normal binding to damaged DNA. Furthermore, mutants that had one of the four aforementioned substitutions and an N-terminal deletion exhibited lower DNA incision activity and binding to RPA than XPA with only one of these substitutions or the deletion. Taken together, these results indicate that XPA interaction with both RPA32 and RPA70 is indispensable for NER reactions.

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