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Bioresour Technol. 2011 Feb;102(3):2523-8. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2010.11.054. Epub 2010 Nov 19.

Removal of nutrients from piggery wastewater using struvite precipitation and pyrogenation technology.

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Center for Environmental Engineering Design, Chinese Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing, China.


In this paper, removal of nutrients from piggery wastewater by struvite crystallization was conducted using a combined technology of low-cost magnesium source in struvite precipitation and recycling of the struvite pyrolysate in the process. In the present research, it was found that high concentrations of K(+) and Ca(2+) present in the solution significantly affected the removal of nutrients. When the struvite crystallization formed at the condition of dosing the magnesite pyrolysate at a Mg:N:P molar ratio of 2.5:1:1, and having a reaction time of 6 h, a majority of nutrients in piggery wastewater can be removed. Surface characterization analysis demonstrated that the main components of the pyrolysate of the obtained struvite were amorphous magnesium sodium phosphate (MgNaPO(4)) and MgO. When the struvite pyrolysate was recycled in the process at the pH range of 8.0-8.5, the precipitation effect was optimum. When the struvite pyrolysate was recycled repeatedly at pH 8.5 or without any adjustment of pH, the outcome of the removal of the nutrients in both cases was similar. With the increase in the number of recycle times, the performance of struvite precipitation progressively decreased. An economic evaluation showed that the combination of using low-cost material and recycling of struvite was feasible. Recycling struvite for three process cycles could save the chemical costs by 81% compared to the use of pure chemicals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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