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Ophthalmology. 2011 Apr;118(4):711-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2010.08.021. Epub 2010 Dec 13.

Five-year incidence of age-related cataract and cataract surgery in the adult population of greater Beijing: the Beijing Eye Study.

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1
Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To estimate the 5-year incidence of cataract and cataract surgery in an adult Chinese population.

DESIGN:

Population-based study.

PARTICIPANTS:

The Beijing Eye Study 2006 included 3251 (73.2%) subjects (≥45 years) of 4439 subjects who participated in the 2001 survey and returned for re-examination.

METHODS:

Nuclear, cortical, and posterior subcapsular lens opacities were assessed based on standardized slit-lamp-based photographs and retroilluminated photographs of the lens using a modification of the grading score of the Age-Related Eye Disease Study.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Incidence of any type of cataract and of cataract surgery.

RESULTS:

The 5-year incidence of nuclear cataract was 5.98% (95% confidence intervals [CI], 5.96%-6.00%), that of cortical cataract was 11.14% (95% CI, 11.12%-11.17%), that of posterior subcapsular cataract was 5.47% (95% CI, 5.45%-5.48%), and that of cataract surgery was 2.01% (95% CI, 2.00%-2.02%). The incidence of any cataract (16.82%; 95% CI, 16.79%-16.86%) was significantly associated with higher age (P<0.001) and female gender (P<0.001). It was not significantly associated with the area of habitation (P = 0.78), smoking (P = 0.95), or alcohol consumption (P = 0.12). Differentiation into the 3 cataract types revealed that the incidence of nuclear cataract additionally was associated with rural region (P<0.001) and smoking (P<0.001). The incidence of cortical cataract additionally was associated with nonsmoking (P = 0.02). The incidence of cataract surgery was significantly (P<0.001) associated with age only.

CONCLUSIONS:

As in white persons, the age-adjusted incidence of all types of cataract types increased with age and it was associated with female gender. When compared with data in the literature, the incidence rates of all cataract types did not vary markedly between Chinese in greater Beijing and white persons. In contrast, the incidence of cataract surgery was considerably lower in this Chinese population.

PMID:
21146222
DOI:
10.1016/j.ophtha.2010.08.021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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