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Trends Cell Biol. 2011 Mar;21(3):149-58. doi: 10.1016/j.tcb.2010.11.004. Epub 2010 Dec 8.

Location, location, location: new insights into O-GalNAc protein glycosylation.

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1
Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology (IMCB), Proteos, 61 Biopolis Drive, Singapore, 138673.

Abstract

O-GalNAc glycosylation of proteins confers essential structural, protective and signaling roles in eumetazoans. Addition of O-glycans onto proteins is an extremely complex process that regulates both sites of attachment and the types of oligosaccharides added. Twenty distinct polypeptide GalNAc-transferases (GalNAc-Ts) initiate O-glycosylation and fine-tuning their expression provides a mechanism for regulating this action. Recently, a new mode of regulation has emerged where activation of Src kinase selectively redistributes Golgi-localized GalNAc-Ts to the ER. This relocalization results in a strong increase in the density of O-glycan decoration. In this review, we discuss how different mechanisms can regulate the number and the types of O-glycans decorating proteins. In addition, we speculate how Src-dependent relocation of GalNAc-Ts could play an important role in cancerous cellular transformation.

PMID:
21145746
DOI:
10.1016/j.tcb.2010.11.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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