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Neuroendocrinology. 1978;26(6):367-77.

Hormonal response to stress in the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus).


The pituitary-adrenal and gonadal responses following stress were evaluated in the squirrel monkey. Plasma levels of cortisol (CS), ACTH and testosterone (T) were determined during a 4-h period following the combined stress of capture and ether anesthesia. The results indicated that the squirrel monkey manifests higher basal levels of steroids than typically found in other mammals. The endocrine response following stress was biphasic, involving an initial elevation and subsequent decline in hormone levels. Males manifested significantly higher plasma levels of CS and T and lower plasma levels of ACTH than did females.

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