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BMC Med Res Methodol. 2010 Dec 13;10:109. doi: 10.1186/1471-2288-10-109.

Barriers and facilitators to recruitment of physicians and practices for primary care health services research at one centre.

Author information

1
Department of Family Medicine, University of Ottawa, 43 Bruyère Street, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. sjohnston@bruyere.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

While some research has been conducted examining recruitment methods to engage physicians and practices in primary care research, further research is needed on recruitment methodology as it remains a recurrent challenge and plays a crucial role in primary care research. This paper reviews recruitment strategies, common challenges, and innovative practices from five recent primary care health services research studies in Ontario, Canada.

METHODS:

We used mixed qualitative and quantitative methods to gather data from investigators and/or project staff from five research teams. Team members were interviewed and asked to fill out a brief survey on recruitment methods, results, and challenges encountered during a recent or ongoing project involving primary care practices or physicians. Data analysis included qualitative analysis of interview notes and descriptive statistics generated for each study.

RESULTS:

Recruitment rates varied markedly across the projects despite similar initial strategies. Common challenges and creative solutions were reported by many of the research teams, including building a sampling frame, developing front-office rapport, adapting recruitment strategies, promoting buy-in and interest in the research question, and training a staff recruiter.

CONCLUSIONS:

Investigators must continue to find effective ways of reaching and involving diverse and representative samples of primary care providers and practices by building personal connections with, and buy-in from, potential participants. Flexible recruitment strategies and an understanding of the needs and interests of potential participants may also facilitate recruitment.

PMID:
21144048
PMCID:
PMC3017524
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2288-10-109
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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