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Acta Neurol Scand. 2011 Oct;124(4):250-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.2010.01465.x. Epub 2010 Dec 10.

Prevalence and incidence of multiple sclerosis in Oppland County: a cross-sectional population-based study in a landlocked county of Eastern Norway.

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Department of Rehabilitation, Sykehuset Innlandet HF, Gjøvik, Norway.


OBJECTIVES - We report the prevalence and incidence rates of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Oppland County, Norway. METHODS - Records from all patients diagnosed with MS at the two Oppland County hospitals, Gjøvik and Lillehammer during 1989-2001 were evaluated. In addition, all general practitioners in Oppland County reported their patients into the study. RESULTS - The age-adjusted prevalence rate of definite MS was 174.4/ 100 000 on the prevalence day 1 January 2002. When the probable cases were included, the prevalence rate rose to 185.6/100 000. The highest prevalence rates were detected in the northern mountain areas, thus corroborating the results from previous local surveys 30-50 years ago. The prevalence of MS was statistically significantly associated with climatic, socioeconomic and geographic variables in the county. The age-adjusted incidence of definite and probable MS in Oppland County was 6.6/100 000 during 1989-1993 increasing to 7.6/100 000 during 1994-1998. DISCUSSION - We found the highest prevalence rates of MS ever reported in Norway. Our findings indicate a possible influence of environmental factors.

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