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Ambio. 2010 Dec;39(8):567-79.

The expansion of farm-based plantation forestry in Vietnam.

Author information

1
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden. Mats.Sandewall@srh.slu.se

Abstract

This study targets plantation forestry by farm households (small holders), which is increasing globally and most rapidly in China and Vietnam. By use of an interdisciplinary approach on three study sites in Vietnam, we examined the trends in farmers' tree planting over time, the various pre-requisites for farm-based plantation forestry and its impact on rural people's livelihood strategies, socioeconomic status, income and security. The findings indicated a change from subsistence to cash-based household economy, diversification of farmers' incomes and a transformation of the landscape from mainly natural forests, via deforestation and shifting cultivation, to a landscape dominated by farm-based plantations. The trend of transformation, over a period of some 30 years, towards cash crops and forestry was induced by a combination of policy, market, institutional, infrastructural and other conditions and the existence of professional farming communities, and was most rapid close to the industrial market.

PMID:
21141776
PMCID:
PMC3357683
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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