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J Nurs Res. 2010 Dec;18(4):283-9. doi: 10.1097/JNR.0b013e3181fbe3fd.

Sleep hygiene education: efficacy on sleep quality in working women.

Author information

1
Department of Nursing, Tri-Service General Hospital.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although sleep hygiene education represents a promising approach for patients with poor sleep quality, little research has been devoted in understanding the sleep hygiene behavior and knowledge of working women.

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a short-term sleep hygiene education program on working women with poor sleep quality.

METHODS:

This pilot study was a prospective and an exploratory intervention study. The intervention was tested on 37 selected working women with poor sleep quality in the community. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (score > 5) was used to identify working women with poor sleep quality. After a pretest to assess sleep quality, researchers implemented a 5-week sleep hygiene education program that addressed good sleep environments/habits, emotional stress, the influence of diet/alcohol/tobacco on sleep, exercise, and alternative therapies. Tests administered midway through the program and after program completion provided the data used to analyze effective sleep quality changes.

RESULTS:

Results showed sleep hygiene education to improve participant sleep quality significantly (p < .001). The sleep quality of all participants improved over both the 3- and the 5-week education program. The six components of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (i.e., subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep disturbances, use of sleeping medication, and daytime dysfunction) also improved.

CONCLUSION/IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE:

A brief and effective sleep hygiene education program delivered by a nurse can improve sleep quality in working women with sleeping problems.

PMID:
21139448
DOI:
10.1097/JNR.0b013e3181fbe3fd
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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