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Am J Cardiol. 1990 Jul 1;66(1):42-8.

Dissociation of exercise tolerance and total myocardial ischemic burden in chronic stable angina pectoris.


Exercise treadmill tests and ambulatory monitoring were used in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, double-dummy crossover comparison of nifedipine (10 mg, 3 times daily) and transdermal nitroglycerin (15 mg). All patients (n = 20) had chronic stable angina with symptomatic and silent events. All patients had 3 episodes of angina/week and 3 episodes of ischemia/24 hr. The protocol was made up of 2 weeks of placebo followed by 2 weeks of active drug, then crossed over for 2 weeks of placebo followed by the other active drug. At the end of each 2-week period, patients had ambulatory monitoring and exercise treadmill testing. All ambulatory monitoring reports were read blind and entered into an independent data base. The results were the following: on transdermal nitroglycerin, the duration of ischemia decreased by 57% from 140 min/24 hr to 60 min/24 hr (p = 0.0054). The exercise time increased by 5.5% from 4.8 to 5.0 minutes (p = 0.16). With nifedipine, the duration of ischemia decreased by 22% from 175 min/24 hr to 137 min/24 hr (p = 0.16). The exercise tolerance time increased by 13% from 4.5 to 5.0 minutes (p = 0.0264). Nifedipine increased exercise time without altering total ischemic time, while transdermal nitroglycerin decreased total ischemic time without increasing exercise time. Thus, changes in exercise time do not necessarily predict changes in total ischemic time.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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