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Proteomics Clin Appl. 2007 Sep;1(9):1058-65. doi: 10.1002/prca.200700082. Epub 2007 Aug 10.

Proteomics in clinical prostate research.

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Department of Urology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


The incidence of early prostate cancer (PCa) has increased rapidly in recent years. The majority of newly diagnosed PCa are in early tumor phase. Presently, we do not have adequate biomarkers to assess tumor aggressiveness in individual cases. Consequently, too many patients are given curatively intended treatment. An exploration of the human proteome may provide clinically useful markers. 2-DE has been successfully used for analysis of the protein phenotype using clinical samples. Proteins are separated according to size and charge, gels are compared by image analysis, protein spots of interest are excised, and proteins identified by MS. This method is exploratory and allows protein identification. However, low-abundance proteins are difficult to detect and 2-DE is currently too labor-intensive for routine use. In recent years, nongel based techniques, such as LC-MS, SELDI-MS, and protein arrays have emerged. They require smaller sample sizes and can be more automated than 2-DE. In this review, we describe studies of the protein expression of benign prostatic tissue and PCa, which is likely to serve as the first step in prognostic biomarker discovery. The prostate proteome is still far from a complete mapping which would enhance our understanding of PCa biology.


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