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Contraception. 2011 Jan;83(1):88-93. doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2010.06.016. Epub 2010 Oct 6.

The promise of affordable implants: is cost recovery possible in Kenya?

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Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA.



Contraceptive implants are one of the most effective methods of family planning but remain underutilized due to their relatively high upfront cost. The increasing availability of a low-cost implant may reduce financial barriers and increase uptake of implants. The commodity cost of Sino-implant (II) is approximately 60% less than two other widely available implants, and a direct service delivery cost of approximately US$12 makes it one of the most cost-effective methods available. This study was conducted to assess whether implant clients in Kenya are paying as much or more than the direct service delivery cost of Sino-implant (II).


A study was conducted in 22 facilities throughout Kenya, including public (n=8), private for-profit (n=6) and private not-for-profit facilities (n=8). Interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of 293 current and returning implant clients after at least 6 months of product use.


The median price for implant insertion paid by clients in the public, private for-profit and private not-for-profit sectors was US$1.30, US$13.30 and US$20.00, respectively.


Patient fees in both private sectors allow for 100% recovery of the direct cost of providing Sino-implant (II). Currently in Kenya, all sectors can receive donated commodities free of charge; Sino-implant (II) has the potential to reduce reliance on donor-supplied implants and thereby improve contraceptive security.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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