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Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1990 Jul;56(1):29-36.

Serum levels of tumor necrosis factor, interleukin 2 receptor, and interferon-gamma in Kawasaki disease involved coronary-artery lesions.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

We investigated 45 patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) and report the first simultaneous determination of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), interleukin 2 receptor (IL-2R) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) in the serum during acute phase. Serum levels of TNF were measured by a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Serum levels of soluble IL-2R and IFN-gamma were measured by a sandwich enzyme immunoassay and radioimmunoassay, respectively. Serum levels of TNF, IL-2R, and IFN-gamma were seen to increase during the acute phase of KD. In KD patients with coronary-artery lesions (CAL), the percentage of positive cases for TNF (greater than or equal to 10 U/ml), IL-2R (greater than or equal to 1056 U/ml), and IFN-gamma (greater than or equal to 0.3 U/ml) was higher than that in patients without CAL. Our results suggest that aggressive activation of immunocompetent cells develops in KD with CAL.

PMID:
2113446
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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