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Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen. 2010 Dec;25(8):650-6. doi: 10.1177/1533317510386216.

Development and validation of the Memory Orientation Screening Test (MOST™): A better screening test for dementia.

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1
Clionsky Neuro Systems, Springfield, MA, USA. mitch@cns-neuro.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Accurate, economical identification of cognitive impairment would increase dementia detection and improve care of older patients.

DESIGN:

Analysis of archival neuropsychological data combined 3-word recall, time orientation, list memory, and clock drawing into the Memory Orientation Screening Test (MOST ™). The MOST was compared with Folstein Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Mini-Cog to detect dementia presence and severity, and convergence with standardized neuropsychological tests. Internal consistency, retest reliabilities, completion likelihood, and time costs were calculated.

RESULTS:

The MOST was significantly more sensitive than MMSE or Mini-Cog, twice as accurate as MMSE for identifying mild dementia, better correlated with standardized memory tests, more reliable over time, and minimally related to depression.

CONCLUSIONS:

The MOST is routinely administered in less than 5 minutes by a medical assistant, more accurately identifies dementia and severity than current screening tests, and emulates longer memory testing, making it valuable for Annual Wellness Visits and many applied clinical settings.

PMID:
21131671
DOI:
10.1177/1533317510386216
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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