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Water Res. 2011 Jan;45(3):1115-28. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2010.10.038. Epub 2010 Nov 18.

Correlation of bacterial communities supported by different organic materials with sulfate reduction in metal-rich landfill leachate.

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Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of British Columbia, 2360 East Mall, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z3, Canada.


Several different organic materials, typical of those used in passive treatment systems for mine influenced water, were tested for their ability to support sulfate-reducing bacteria and sulfate reduction in an anaerobic biological reactor (ABR). The quantity of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) in each organic material, as determined using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR) of the dissimilatory sulfite reductase (dsr) gene, correlated with the initial C/N ratio of each material. Potential sulfate reduction rates measured in the laboratory ranked silage > compost = molasses/hay > cattails > pulp mill biosolids and correlated with the q-PCR estimates of SRB in the submerged materials. A comparison of bacterial communities using 16S rRNA gene clone library sequencing revealed similar distribution of clones among the phyla Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria for silage, compost and molasses/hay after 174 days of exposure in the seepage water. Silage, the most successful material tested, contained more δ-Proteobacteria-related sequences than the other materials and Spirochaetes-related clones were more abundant in silage than in compost or molasses/hay. According to sequenced dsr clones, the SRB community in silage differed from that for compost and molasses/hay, with fewer Desulfovibrio- and more Desulfomicrobium-related sequences in the silage. Pulp mill biosolids used in the ABR since 2004 contained an overall bacterial community that was more diverse than those for the freshly submerged organics, but only Desulfovibrio desulfuricans-related sequences were found in the dsr library.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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