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J Pediatr. 2011 Apr;158(4):555-561.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2010.09.060. Epub 2010 Dec 3.

Computerized working memory training improves function in adolescents born at extremely low birth weight.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics and Rehabilitation, Sørlandet Hospital, Arendal, Norway. gro.c.lohaugen@ntnu.no

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effect of a computerized working memory training program on both trained and non-trained verbal aspects of working memory and executive and memory functions in extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1000 g) infants.

STUDY DESIGN:

Sixteen ELBW infants and 19 term-born control subjects aged 14 to 15 years participated in the training program, and 11 adolescents were included as a non-intervention group. Extensive neuropsychological assessment was performed before and immediately after training and at a 6-month follow-up examination. Both training groups used the CogMed RM program at home 5 days a week for 5 weeks.

RESULTS:

Both groups improved significantly on trained and non-trained working memory tasks and on other memory tests indicating a generalizing effect. Working memory capacity was improved, and effects were maintained at the 6-month follow-up examination. There was no significant improvement in the non-intervention group at the 6-week follow-up examination.

CONCLUSIONS:

The computerized training program Cogmed RM was an effective intervention tool for improving memory and reducing core learning deficits in adolescents born at ELBW.

PMID:
21130467
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2010.09.060
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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