Send to

Choose Destination
J Pediatr. 2011 Apr;158(4):644-649.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2010.10.012. Epub 2010 Dec 3.

Infliximab for intravenous immunoglobulin resistance in Kawasaki disease: a retrospective study.

Author information

Department of Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA, USA.



To test the hypothesis that first re-treatment with infliximab, compared with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), might improve outcomes in IVIG-resistant Kawasaki disease.


In a two-center retrospective review from January 2000 to March 2008, we compared duration of fever and coronary artery dimensions in patients with IVIG-resistance whose first re-treatment was with IVIG compared with infliximab given for fever ≥38.0°C beyond 36 hours after first IVIG completion.


Patients in the IVIG group (n = 86, 2 g/kg) and infliximab group (n = 20, 5 mg/kg) were similar in demographics, days of fever at diagnosis, and baseline coronary artery dimensions. Patients had similar coronary dimensions 6 weeks after diagnosis, both in univariate and multivariate analysis. The infliximab group had fewer days of fever (median 8 days versus10 days, P = .028), and in a multivariate analysis, the infliximab group had 1.2 fewer days of fever (P = .033). Patients who received infliximab had shorter lengths of hospitalization (median 5.5 days versus 6 days, P = .040). Treatment groups did not differ significantly in adverse events (0% versus 2.3%, P = 1.0).


In our retrospective study, patients with IVIG-resistant Kawasaki disease whose first re-treatment was with infliximab, compared with IVIG, had faster resolution of fever and fewer days of hospitalization. Coronary artery outcomes and adverse events were similar; the power of the study was limited.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center