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[Clinical study of autologous cytokine induced killer cells combined with IL-2 for therapy of elderly patients with B-cell malignant lymphoma].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

1
Department of Geriatric Hematology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China.

Abstract

Objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of autologous cytokine induced killer (CIK) cells combined with IL-2 in treatment of elderly patients with B-cell malignant lymphoma. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) were isolated from 9 elderly patients with B-cell malignant lymphoma, and then induced into CIK cells by IFN-γ, IL-2 and monoclonal antibody (mAb) against CD3. The autologous CIK cells [(2-3)×10(9)] thus obtained were infused back to individual patients, then followed by subcutaneous injection of IL-2 at single daily dose of 1×10(4) U/day for 10 consecutive days. The regimen was repeated every 4 weeks and total 64 cycles of CIK cell transfusion were completed. The changes in cellular immune function, tumor-related biological parameters, imaging characteristics, the condition of remission, quality of life and survival time were assessed. 7 patients received 8 cycles of CIK cell infusion, and 4 cycles were completed in 2 patients. The results showed that no adverse reaction was observed in all above mentioned patients. The percentages of CD3+, CD3+CD8+ and CD3+CD56+ increased significantly (p<0.05), and serum levels of β2-microglobulin and LDH were markedly decreased (p<0.05) after autologous CIK cell transfusion. The lymphoma symptoms were relieved with quality of life obviously elevated (p<0.01) in all patients. Complete remission was seen in 8 patients. Though one patient received 8 cycles of CIK cell transfusion therapy and achieved transient very good partial remission, but he died of acute large-area myocardial infarction and persistent progression of lymphoma. In conclusion, regimen of autologous CIK cells combined with IL-2 is safe and effective for the therapy of elderly patients with B-cell malignant lymphoma.

PMID:
21129269
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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