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Cardiovasc Ther. 2012 Feb;30(1):5-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-5922.2010.00249.x. Epub 2010 Dec 6.

Clinical predictors of high posttreatment platelet reactivity to clopidogrel in Koreans.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

High posttreatment platelet reactivity to clopidogrel (HPPR) is associated with major adverse cardiac events. However, the clinical predictors of HPPR in Asians have not been studied previously.

AIMS:

We sought to determine clinical predictors of HPPR in Koreans.

RESULTS:

We measured platelet reactivity with the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay in 1431 consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography. We used the cut-off value of greater than 275 P2Y12 Reaction Unit (PRU) to define patients with HPPR. The clinical characteristics were compared between patients with HPPR (36.3%) and those without HPPR (63.7%). The mean age (65.4 ± 9.1 vs. 62.2 ± 9.7 years) was higher, hypertension (68.5% vs. 62.0%), diabetes mellitus (35.4% vs. 28.5%), chronic kidney disease (36.3% vs. 22.5%), renal replacement treatment (1.2% vs. 0.2%), and congestive heart failure (1.3% vs. 0.3%) were more common among patients with HPPR, while male gender (72.6% vs. 54.8%) and smoking (19.9% vs. 13.1%) were more common among non-HPPR patients. Mean glomerular filtration rate (63.5 ± 18.6 vs. 69.7 ± 16.1 mL/min/1.73 m(3) ) was lower and C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (6.6 ± 20.5 mg/L vs. 4.2 ± 12.1 mg/L) level was higher among those with HPPR. Independent predictors of HPPR were female gender (OR 1.90, P≤ 0.001), chronic kidney disease (OR 1.51, 0 = 0.004), diabetes mellitus (OR 1.35, P= 0.024), hs-CRP ≥ 2.0 mg/L (OR 1.31, P= 0.005), and age increase in decades (OR 1.21, P= 0.002), while smoking was negative risk factor (OR 0.63, P= 0.015). The number of risk factors was linearly associated with the risk of HPPR, with most patients having one or two predictors.

CONCLUSION:

In Korean population, independent clinical predictors of HPPR included diabetes mellitus, increased age, female gender, chronic kidney disease, and hs-CRP ≥ 2.0 mg/L, while cigarette smoking was associated with better responsiveness. Mean platelet reactivity and HPPR prevalence steadily increased with the number of clinical predictors.

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