Send to

Choose Destination
J Neurochem. 2011 Feb;116(3):449-58. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2010.07125.x. Epub 2010 Dec 22.

Inhibition of dopamine uptake by D2 antagonists: an in vivo study.

Author information

University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.


D(2)-like antagonists potentiate dopamine release. They also inhibit dopamine uptake by a mechanism yet to be clarified. Here, we monitored dopamine uptake in the striatum of anesthetized mice. The dopamine overflow was evoked by brief electrical stimulation of the medial forebrain bundle (four pulses at 100 Hz) and was monitored with carbon fiber electrodes combined with continuous amperometry. The decay phase of evoked overflows reflects dopamine half-life, which entirely depends on uptake. The D(2)-like antagonists haloperidol and eticlopride enhanced the half-life by 45% and 48%, respectively, a moderate effect as compared to the uptake blocker nomifensine (528%). Both D(2)-like antagonists did not affect dopamine uptake in mice lacking D(2) receptors. Inhibition of tonic dopamine release by gamma-butyrolactone did not mimic the enhancing effect of D(2) antagonists on dopamine half-life. However, prolonged stimulation boosted dopamine uptake and this effect was not observed after haloperidol treatment or in mice lacking D(2) receptors. Therefore, dopamine uptake is accelerated in conditions of excessive D(2) stimulation but not finely tuned in resting conditions. Inhibition of dopamine uptake by D(2) antagonists synergizes with the potentiation of dopamine release to strongly alter the phasic dopamine signaling.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center