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Microb Drug Resist. 2011 Mar;17(1):67-73. doi: 10.1089/mdr.2010.0063. Epub 2010 Dec 4.

CTX-M-15-producing Escherichia coli clinical isolates in Cairo (Egypt), including isolates of clonal complex ST10 and clones ST131, ST73, and ST405 in both community and hospital settings.

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1
Microbiology Department, Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Cairo, Egypt.

Abstract

In Egypt, little is known about the genetic background of Escherichia coli isolates harboring extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL). Five hundred twenty Enterobacteriaceae were prospectively collected (May 2007-August 2008) at the Theodor Bilharz Research Institute (Cairo). Among the collected Enterobacteriaceae, 56% (n=291) were E. coli and 32% (n=165) Klebsiella pneumoniae. A total of 16% (n=3) of all isolates were ESBL, 19% (n=55) of the E. coli and 14% (n=23) of the K. pneumoniae. The proportion of E. coli ESBL producers did not differ significantly between in and outpatients (20% vs. 17%) but was significantly different for non-E. coli ESBL producers (18.5% vs. 1.2%: p=0.0001). The majority of E. coli ESBL producers (75%) was isolated from urine. All the ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae available for molecular study (n=74) produced CTX-M-15. Among the CTX-M-15-producing E. coli isolates; 40% belonged to phylogenetic group A, 32% to D, and 26% to B2. ERIC-2 PCR profiles were obtained for all these E. coli isolates and multilocus sequence typing for those belonging to group B2. Genotyping analyses showed strain diversity; however, some clusters had profiles indistinguishable from that of previously published clones. Multilocus sequence typing showed that 75% of E. coli group B2 belonged to clone ST131. This indicates that a new country in Africa is adversely affected by clones of E. coli-producing CTX-M-15.

PMID:
21128836
DOI:
10.1089/mdr.2010.0063
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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