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Am J Cardiol. 2010 Dec 15;106(12):1703-8. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2010.08.011.

Prognostic effect of coronary flow reserve in women versus men with chest pain syndrome and normal dipyridamole stress echocardiography.

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1
Campo di Marte Hospital, Lucca, Italy.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic effect of coronary flow reserve (CFR) on left anterior descending artery (LAD) in women and men with chest pain of unknown origin and normal stress echocardiogram. The study population consisted of 1,660 patients (906 women, 754 men) with chest pain syndrome, no wall motion abnormality on echocardiogram at rest, and dipyridamole (up to 0.84 mg/kg over 6 minutes) stress echocardiogram negative for wall motion criteria. All had undergone stress echocardiography with combined evaluation of CFR on LAD by Doppler. A CFR value ≤2.0 was considered abnormal. Median duration of follow-up was 19 months (interquartile range 10 to 34). Abnormal CFR was assessed in 171 women (19%) and 147 men (19%, p = 0.80). During follow-up, 80 events (20 deaths, 13 ST-elevation myocardial infarctions, and 47 non-ST-elevation myocardial infarctions) occurred. In addition, 128 patients underwent revascularization and were censored. CFR ≤2.0 on LAD was independently associated with prognosis in women (hazard ratio [HR] 16.48, 95% confidence interval [CI] 7.17 to 37.85, p <0.0001) and in men (HR 6.23, 95% CI 3.42 to 11.33, p <0.0001). Antianginal therapy at time of testing (HR 2.11, 95% CI 1.14 to 3.90, p = 0.02) was also a multivariable prognostic predictor in men. Four-year event rate associated with CFR values ≤2.0 and >2.0 were, respectively, 27% and 2% in women (p <0.0001) and 42% and 8% in men (p <0.0001). In conclusion, decreased CFR on LAD is associated with markedly increased risk in women and men with chest pain syndrome and a normal result of dipyridamole stress echocardiography. Conversely, preserved CFR on LAD predicts excellent survival, particularly in women.

PMID:
21126613
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjcard.2010.08.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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