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Rev Bras Reumatol. 2010 May-Jun;50(3):291-8.

Takayasu arteritis: anti-TNF therapy in a Brazilian setting.

[Article in English, Portuguese]

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Medical School, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC), Florianópolis, Brazil.


The aim of this study was to describe clinical features and response to different therapeutic interventions, including anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents, in a case series of Takayasu arteritis (TA) from Brazil. A retrospective observational chart-review study was performed including all patients meeting the American College of Rheumatology TA classification criteria followed at the rheumatology outpatient clinic of a Brazilian university hospital. Fifteen patients were included, of which 14 (93.3%) were females, with a mean age of 29.6 years at diagnosis. Systemic hypertension (60.0%) and abolished upper limb pulses (53.3%) were the most common clinical features at the diagnosis. Subclavian and carotid arteries were the most commonly affected vessels. Twelve patients (80.0%) did not achieve sustained remission on therapy with corticosteroids alone and received immunosuppressive agents including methotrexate, azathioprine and cyclophosphamide. Surgical intervention was necessary and performed in 53.3% of cases. Three cases (20.0%) were refractory to corticosteroid plus diverse immunosuppressive therapy and were treated with anti-TNF agents, all of them with disease remission. In conclusion, a significant proportion of TA cases are refractory to traditional therapy. The use of anti-TNF agents may become a possible therapy for these patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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