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PLoS One. 2010 Nov 24;5(11):e14108. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0014108.

Overrepresentation of IL-17A and IL-22 producing CD8 T cells in lesional skin suggests their involvement in the pathogenesis of psoriasis.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. p.c.res@amc.uva.nl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although recent studies indicate a crucial role for IL-17A and IL-22 producing T cells in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, limited information is available on their frequency and heterogeneity and their distribution in skin in situ.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

By spectral imaging analysis of double-stained skin sections we demonstrated that IL-17 was mainly expressed by mast cells and neutrophils and IL-22 by macrophages and dendritic cells. Only an occasional IL-17(pos), but no IL-22(pos) T cell could be detected in psoriatic skin, whereas neither of these cytokines was expressed by T cells in normal skin. However, examination of in vitro-activated T cells by flow cytometry revealed that substantial percentages of skin-derived CD4 and CD8 T cells were able to produce IL-17A alone or together with IL-22 (i.e. Th17 and Tc17, respectively) or to produce IL-22 in absence of IL-17A and IFN-γ (i.e. Th22 and Tc22, respectively). Remarkably, a significant proportional rise in Tc17 and Tc22 cells, but not in Th17 and Th22 cells, was found in T cells isolated from psoriatic versus normal skin. Interestingly, we found IL-22 single-producers in many skin-derived IL-17A(pos) CD4 and CD8 T cell clones, suggesting that in vivo IL-22 single-producers may arise from IL-17A(pos) T cells as well.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

The increased presence of Tc17 and Tc22 cells in lesional psoriatic skin suggests that these types of CD8 T cells play a significant role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. As part of the skin-derived IL-17A(pos) CD4 and CD8 T clones developed into IL-22 single-producers, this demonstrates plasticity in their cytokine production profile and suggests a developmental relationship between Th17 and Th22 cells and between Tc17 and Tc22 cells.

PMID:
21124836
PMCID:
PMC2991333
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0014108
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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