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Opt Lett. 2010 Dec 1;35(23):3931-3. doi: 10.1364/OL.35.003931.

Collective phase measurement of an array of fiber lasers by quadriwave lateral shearing interferometry for coherent beam combining.

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Thales Research and Technology, Campus de Polytechnique, 1 Avenue Augustin Fresnel, 91767 Palaiseau Cedex, France.


We present a new configuration of quadriwave lateral shearing interferometer dedicated to phase detection for beam-combining purposes. Assuming that the fibers are disposed in a matrix arrangement, our scheme gives direct access to the phase step between adjacent fibers in two dimensions. Experimentally recorded interferograms are made only of two-wave interference fringes that scroll as the phase evolves in the fibers. This simplicity allows fast treatment by the spatial demodulation process, and the phase map from the fibers can be estimated in real time. No external reference is required, and the technique is fully compatible with a high number of fibers.

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