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Genes Dev. 2010 Dec 1;24(23):2621-6. doi: 10.1101/gad.591310.

RNAs actively cycle on the Sm-like protein Hfq.

Author information

1
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Biomedical Center, Uppsala University, Sweden.

Abstract

Hfq, a protein required for small RNA (sRNA)-mediated regulation in bacteria, binds RNA with low-nanomolar K(d) values and long half-lives of complexes (>100 min). This cannot be reconciled with the 1- 2-min response time of regulation in vivo. We show that RNAs displace each other on Hfq on a short time scale by RNA concentration-driven (active) cycling. Already at submicromolar concentrations of competitor RNA, half-lives of RNA-Hfq complexes are ≈1 min. We propose that competitor RNA associates transiently with RNA-Hfq complexes, RNAs exchange binding sites, and one of the RNAs eventually dissociates. This solves the "strong binding-high turnover" paradox and permits efficient use of the Hfq pool.

PMID:
21123649
PMCID:
PMC2994036
DOI:
10.1101/gad.591310
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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