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J Clin Lipidol. 2010 Jan-Feb;4(1):53-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jacl.2009.12.004. Epub 2009 Dec 22.

Prevalence of dyslipidemia and its associated factors among Jordanian adults.

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Department of Community Medicine, Public Health and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science & Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan.



Dyslipidemia, which has been closely linked to pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases, is a key independent modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Estimation of the prevalence of dyslipidemia ensures proper planning of health actions for both primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases.


To estimate the prevalence of various types of dyslipidemia and determine their associated factors among adults in north of Jordan.


Data were analyzed from a cross-sectional study that included a random sample of 1121 Jordanians aged 25 years and older. High total cholesterol (TC) was defined as TC ≥200 mg/dL and hypertriglyceridemia as serum triglycerides level ≥150 mg/dL. Low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was defined as serum HDL-C <40 mg/dL. High low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was defined as serum LDL-C ≥130 mg/dL.


Of a total of 1121 subjects, 48.8% had high TC level, 40.7% had high LDL-C, 40.1% had low HDL-C, 43.6% had high triglyceride levels, and 75.7% had at least one abnormal lipid level. Age was associated with high triglycerides, high LDL-C, and high TC. Men were more likely than women to have a high triglycerides level and low HDL-C. Compared with people with a body mass index <25, overweight and obese subjects had greater odds of having high triglycerides, high TC, and low HDL-C. Diabetes was associated with increased odds of high triglycerides only.


The prevalence dyslipidemia is high in Jordan, which necessitates appropriate the institution of community-based intervention strategies to prevent and manage cardiovascular risk factors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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