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J Clin Lipidol. 2010 Jan-Feb;4(1):53-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jacl.2009.12.004. Epub 2009 Dec 22.

Prevalence of dyslipidemia and its associated factors among Jordanian adults.

Author information

1
Department of Community Medicine, Public Health and Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science & Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan. yousef.k@excite.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Dyslipidemia, which has been closely linked to pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases, is a key independent modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Estimation of the prevalence of dyslipidemia ensures proper planning of health actions for both primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases.

OBJECTIVES:

To estimate the prevalence of various types of dyslipidemia and determine their associated factors among adults in north of Jordan.

METHOD:

Data were analyzed from a cross-sectional study that included a random sample of 1121 Jordanians aged 25 years and older. High total cholesterol (TC) was defined as TC ≥200 mg/dL and hypertriglyceridemia as serum triglycerides level ≥150 mg/dL. Low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was defined as serum HDL-C <40 mg/dL. High low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was defined as serum LDL-C ≥130 mg/dL.

RESULTS:

Of a total of 1121 subjects, 48.8% had high TC level, 40.7% had high LDL-C, 40.1% had low HDL-C, 43.6% had high triglyceride levels, and 75.7% had at least one abnormal lipid level. Age was associated with high triglycerides, high LDL-C, and high TC. Men were more likely than women to have a high triglycerides level and low HDL-C. Compared with people with a body mass index <25, overweight and obese subjects had greater odds of having high triglycerides, high TC, and low HDL-C. Diabetes was associated with increased odds of high triglycerides only.

CONCLUSION:

The prevalence dyslipidemia is high in Jordan, which necessitates appropriate the institution of community-based intervention strategies to prevent and manage cardiovascular risk factors.

PMID:
21122627
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacl.2009.12.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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