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Biochemistry. 1990 Mar 20;29(11):2740-7.

Murine monoclonal antibodies directed to the human histo-blood group A transferase (UDP-GalNAc:Fuc alpha 1----2Gal alpha 1----3-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase) and the presence therein of N-linked histo-blood group A determinant.

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Biomembrane Institute, University of Washington, Seattle 98119.


Mouse MAbs (WKH-1 through -3) to the human histo-blood group A glycosyltransferase (Fuc alpha 1----2Gal alpha 1----3 galactosaminyltransferase) were established by immunization with the purified native A transferase protein. Hybridomas were selected on the basis of solid-phase reactivity with the purified native A transferase, cell immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation of transferase activity, and absence of reactivity with blood group ABH carbohydrate determinants. Three MAbs, thus selected, were found most likely to react with the protein epitopes unrelated to carbohydrate epitopes of purified A transferase. The MAbs reacted with cells having high A transferase activity and immunoprecipitated the A transferase activity as well as the 40,000 MW iodinated transferase protein. The antibodies were shown, however, to immunoprecipitate and partially inhibit not only A1 and A2 but also B transferase activity from plasma and A transferase from human lung, and to react with B cells expressing B transferase, thus indicating a cross-reactivity with B transferase. In contrast, they showed no reactivity with various cells having the O phenotype and did not immunoprecipitate the A transferase from porcine submaxillary glands or the alpha 1----2fucosyltransferase from Colo205 cells. The purified A glycosyltransferase was found to carry blood group A carbohydrate determinants by immunochemical detection with a panel of anti-carbohydrate MAbs. These determinants are believed to be N-linked, since treatment of the purified A transferase with N-glycanase removed activity. Immunohistological studies of three epithelial tissues showed that the antibodies stained the Golgi area of cells in epithelia from A and B, but not O, individuals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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