Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2010 Dec;83(6):1212-20. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2010.10-0264.

Effect of repeated treatment of pregnant women with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and azithromycin on preterm delivery in Malawi: a randomized controlled trial.

Author information

  • 1Department of International Health, University of Tampere Medical School, Tampere, Finland.


Preterm delivery, which is associated with infections during pregnancy, is common in sub-Saharan Africa. We enrolled 1,320 pregnant women into a randomized, controlled trial in Malawi to study whether preterm delivery and low birth weight (LBW) incidence can be reduced by intermittent preventive treatment of maternal malaria and reproductive tract infections. The participants received either sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) twice (controls), monthly SP, or monthly SP and two doses of azithromycin (AZI-SP). The incidence of preterm delivery was 17.9% in controls, 15.4% in the monthly SP group (P = 0.32), and 11.8% in AZI-SP group (risk ratio = 0.66, P = 0.01). Compared with controls, those in AZI-SP group had a risk ratio of 0.61 (P = 0.02) for LBW. Incidence of serious adverse events was low in all groups. In conclusion, the incidence of preterm delivery and LBW can in some conditions be reduced by treating pregnant women with monthly SP and two azithromycin doses.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center