Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Med Chem. 2010 Dec 23;53(24):8585-96. doi: 10.1021/jm100989w. Epub 2010 Nov 30.

Modulating oxytocin activity and plasma stability by disulfide bond engineering.

Author information

1
Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Brisbane, Queensland.

Abstract

Disulfide bond engineering is an important approach to improve the metabolic half-life of cysteine-containing peptides. Eleven analogues of oxytocin were synthesized including disulfide bond replacements by thioether, selenylsulfide, diselenide, and ditelluride bridges, and their stabilities in human plasma and activity at the human oxytocin receptor were assessed. The cystathionine (K(i) = 1.5 nM, and EC₅₀ = 32 nM), selenylsulfide (K(i) = 0.29/0.72 nM, and EC₅₀ = 2.6/154 nM), diselenide (K(i) = 11.8 nM, and EC₅₀ = 18 nM), and ditelluride analogues (K(i) = 7.6 nM, and EC₅₀ = 27.3 nM) retained considerable affinity and functional potency as compared to oxytocin (K(i) = 0.79 nM, and EC₅₀ = 15 nM), while shortening the disulfide bridge abolished binding and functional activity. The mimetics showed a 1.5-3-fold enhancement of plasma stability as compared to oxytocin (t(½) = 12 h). By contrast, the all-D-oxytocin and head to tail cyclic oxytocin analogues, while significantly more stable with half-lives greater than 48 h, had little or no detectable binding or functional activity.

PMID:
21117646
DOI:
10.1021/jm100989w
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for American Chemical Society
Loading ...
Support Center