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Pancreas. 1990 May;5(3):267-77.

Binding and biological effects of tumor necrosis factor and gamma interferon in human pancreatic carcinoma cells.

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Department of Microbiology, Arizona Cancer Center, University of Arizona School of Medicine, Tucson.


The cytotoxic/cytostatic effects of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor alpha (rhTNF) and gamma interferon (rhIFN-gamma) were studied in five human pancreatic tumor cell lines. During a 48-h incubation, MIA PaCa-2 cells were most sensitive to rhTNF (56% cytotoxicity, 500 U/ml), T3M4 cells were most sensitive to rhIFN-gamma (54% cytostasis, 250 U/ml), and ASPC-1 and COLO 357 cells were most sensitive to the combination of rhTNF and rhIFN-gamma (56 and 55% cytotoxicity, respectively, 250 U/ml of each cytokine). The PANC-1 cells were relatively insensitive to either the individual or the combined effects of these cytokines. All five cell lines exhibited specific, high-affinity receptors for 125I-labeled rhTNF (480-8,610 sites/cell) and rhIFN-gamma (2,050-6,280 sites/cell). The MIA PaCa-2 cells, which were the most sensitive to the inhibitory effects of rhTNF, also possessed the largest number of 125I rhTNF receptors; all other cell lines had a relatively low number of binding sites and low sensitivity. In contrast, no direct correlation could be made between the number of IFN-gamma binding sites and inhibitory sensitivity in any of the cell lines. Incubation of COLO 357 cells at 37 degrees C with either 125I rhTNF or 125I rhINF-gamma led to internalization of the respective 125I-labeled ligand. Our findings document the presence of cytokine receptors in human pancreatic carcinoma cells and suggest that postreceptor events rather than differences in receptor number or affinity more likely govern the responsiveness of pancreatic cancer cells to TNF and IFN-gamma.

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