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Trends Mol Med. 2011 Feb;17(2):78-87. doi: 10.1016/j.molmed.2010.10.002. Epub 2010 Nov 4.

Rapamycin for treating Tuberous sclerosis and Autism spectrum disorders.

Author information

1
DZNE, German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases, Ludwig-Erhard-Allee 2, 53175 Bonn, Germany. Dan.Ehninger@dzne.de

Abstract

Tuberous sclerosis (TSC) is a genetic disorder caused by heterozygous mutations in the TSC1 or TSC2 genes and is associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in 20-60% of cases. In addition, altered TSC/mTOR signaling is emerging as a feature common to a subset of ASD. Recent findings, in animal models, show that restoration of the underlying molecular defect can improve neurological dysfunction in several of these models, even if treatment is initiated in adult animals, suggesting that pathophysiological processes in the mature brain contribute significantly to the overall neurological phenotype in these models. These findings suggest that windows for therapeutic intervention in ASD could be wider than thought previously.

PMID:
21115397
PMCID:
PMC3075964
DOI:
10.1016/j.molmed.2010.10.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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